Existence and Uniqueness Theorem
The Existence and Uniqueness Theorem is a fundamental result in the theory of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) that establishes conditions under which a given initial value problem has a unique solution. The theorem guarantees that, under certain conditions, an initial value problem will have one and only one solution.
For a first-order ODE of the form:
y'(x) = f(x, y(x))
with the initial condition y(x0) = y0, the Existence and Uniqueness Theorem states that if the functions f(x, y) and ∂f/∂y are continuous in a rectangular region containing the point (x0, y0), then there exists a unique solution y(x) to the initial value problem in some interval containing x0.
The Existence and Uniqueness Theorem plays a crucial role in the study of ODEs, as it provides a foundation for the existence and behavior of solutions, and helps to ensure that the methods used to find solutions are valid.